Cyclones are used as pre-separators for coarse dust particles in order to separate them from the air before they reach the dust collection filters. They operate based on the principles of gravity, inertia, and centrifugal force. They are generally structurally simple, reliable in operation, and have lower purchase and operating costs. However, they are not suitable for fine dust particles. Depending on the type and design of the separator, the separation limit can range from 3 to 100 micrometers. Cyclones are the most effective solutions for capturing, recovering, or removing large and high-volume dust particles. They are suitable and very economical for all types of dust structures and high temperatures due to their purely mechanical nature compared to other high-efficiency filter options. Cyclones can be made from carbon steel, stainless steel, or alloy steel to meet the needs of both standard and specially designed capacities.
In inertial separators, the gas is separated into large particles by appropriately changing the direction of gas flow. In combination with blade separators, droplets are separated in wet mechanical separators or water scrubbers in ventilation systems. Our product, MDSJ Inteko Multi-Cyclone Dust Collector (Multi-Cyclone Separator), works on the same principle as a single-cyclone dust collector that creates dual vortices using inertia and centrifugal force to separate large dust particles from the dust-laden gas. The effectiveness of a cyclone in collecting finer dust is largely determined by the amount of generated centrifugal forces and the extended residence time to allow for more dust to settle. These two factors contribute to better particle separation. The centrifugal force has been increased by reducing the cyclone diameter, and the residence time of the dusty air has been extended by increasing the cone height. In MDSJ multi-cyclones, a large number of smaller and longer cyclones are arranged in parallel to meet the airflow requirements and achieve optimum pressure drop, with all the inlets combined into a common inlet and all the outlets combined into a common outlet. The pressure drop in multi-cyclones is relatively higher than in a single cyclone, but this higher pressure drop provides higher efficiency. Multi-cyclones are typically used for the dynamic cleaning of dust-laden waste gases, such as flue gases, and can capture smaller-sized waste gases. They consist of multiple small cyclones arranged within a square or rectangular cross-section.